Volume X, No. 2: 2001

The Urbanization of Poverty: The Effect of Structural Adjustment Programs on Migration
Chris Kolb
This article examines the effects of structural adjustment programs (SAPs) on ruralurban migration in the developing world. As rates of urbanization continue to rise under structural adjustment, migration needs to be examined in light of possible causative factors that may stem from the policies of SAPs themselves, although ostensibly attempts are made to curtail this process. Structural adjustment is responsible for creating an economic atmosphere that is disadvantageous to rural residents, promoting large-scale rural-urban migration. An anthropological inquiry can help to uncover the structural causes for this phenomenon, the implications of those structural causes on the persistence of poverty and the ability to escape it, and how future research can lead to a more accurate understanding of the causes of large-scale urbanization in the developing world. [Full Text]

Does the Casamance Conflict Deserve U.S. Intervention?
Rachel Schneller

The United States has avoided intervening in African conflicts since Somalia in 1993 to avoid casualties, concentrate efforts on vital security interests, and defer to former colonial powers, among other reasons. This policy is misguided and ineffective. The United States does not need to be involved militarily to be effective in conflict resolution. Lack of U.S. involvement sends a message of apathy to conflicted parties, and this in turn sabotages U.S. development efforts in conflicted African countries. With potential markets in Africa, the United States does have sufficient reason to address African conflicts in which its non-military involvement can have an impact on conflict resolution. The Casamance conflict in southern Senegal demonstrates the viability of this approach. [Full Text]

SAARC's Promise: Prosperity or Continued Insecurity?
Tara P. Pokharel

A regional approach to development in South Asia began with the formation of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in December 1985. A decade and half later, however, South Asia still confronts the same problems of poverty and development. Despite the significant transformations taking place in the world, mutual fear, distrust and conflict in the region have yet to lessen. Something is wrong with the regional cooperation mechanism. This article identifies the fundamental problems besetting South Asia and examines the major defects in the institutional mechanism that addresses them. It then recommends a new policy approach to reinvigorate SAARC, thus enabling it to contribute to regional peace and development. [Full Text]

The End of Françafrique? France's Changing View of African Security
Ryan E. Bock

A New Approach to International Terrorism
Martin A. Kalis

Key Areas, Vital Straits, and Pivot States: Determining vital interests in the post-Cold War world
Philip G. Wasielewski

Opening Up Japan: The Economic Effects of Immigration
Dewey E. Moore

Interview with Leon Fuerth, Former National Security Advisor to Vice President Al Gore

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