Iran is entering a period of rapprochement with major world powers that could exacerbate insecurity in the Middle East. To avoid aggravating regional tensions, President Rouhani’s administration must refrain from adventurist policies and re-engage with Iran’s neighbors.
Saudi Arabia risks undermining regional security and alienating key allies without a more sustainable policy toward Yemen.
Through a combination of hard and soft power, the United States must pressure the Iraqi government to mend sectarian divides in order to counter ISIS and other extremist groups in the long run.
Although violent, ISIS’s attacks on minorities and cultural icons are not senseless—they are calculated attempts to challenge competing identities.
Since his instatement, President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt has strategically directed security developments to shape domestic policy in a way that has garnered support for his administration and cemented its anti-Islamist posture, easing the advancement of the anti-Islamist agenda outside the country.