As International Affairs Review turns 20 years old, we’re pleased to present another round of forward-looking, thoughtful, and insightful articles. In a year of widespread unrest and violence in the Middle East, as well as ongoing crises in East Africa, Marie Doucey’s Understanding the Root Causes of Conflict takes a hard look at theories of conflict drawing on examples from Côte d’Ivoire and Palestine, and provides insight for managing conflict and humanitarian crises.

Then, Kathleen Thomas explains the virtual threat and what can be done about it in Framing a True National Cybersecurity Strategy. This year, as the US ends official combat missions in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan continues without a clear withdrawal date; Vanessa Van den Boogaard’s Building Afghan Civil Society “From the Outside” examines how Western perceptions of civil society and efforts to create it actually impede the development of local civil society. Looking beyond borders, Samantha Marquart looks at the role of space power in US military operations and its future significance. In Hard Target, Paul Fraioli examines Myanmar’s mixed response to international pressure, and provides insight into what steps the international community should take to create change. In our final article, Yvonne Chen shares lessons from her research in Indonesia with Understanding Financial Preferences and Practices among Youth in Rural Eastern Indonesia.

This edition rounds out with Katherine Dillon’s review of the recently released book, The Ultimate Weapon Is No Weapon, and the Fall 2011 Graduate Student Forum-International Affairs Review Essay Contest’s winning essay, Sweeten the Carrot, Strengthen the Stick, which opines on the failings of US policy toward Iran’s nuclear program and how to reverse them.